What is Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (MGD)?
Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (MGD) is a common ocular condition that results in abnormal function of the meibomian glands, which are responsible for producing the oily component of tears. Left untreated, this condition often results in death of the affected gland and inflammation of the surrounding eyelid. The etiology of MGD is multifactorial, often arising from a combination of factors such as age, hormonal changes, environmental conditions, and lifestyle factors.
Symptoms of MGD
Common symptoms of MGD include dryness, discomfort, and irritation in the eyes. Patients may also experience blurred vision, sensitivity to light, and a gritty or sandy sensation, particularly upon waking. The chronic nature of MGD means that symptoms can persist over an extended period, impacting the overall quality of life for affected individuals.
How MGD is Diagnosed
Diagnosing MGD is typically done through regular eye examinations conducted by an eye care professional. During these examinations, the doctor may evaluate the patient's symptoms, assess the appearance of the meibomian glands, and examine the quality of the tear film. Specialized tests, such as meibography, may be employed to visualize the structure and function of the meibomian glands more closely.
We highly encourage patients experiencing symptoms related to dry eye or discomfort in the eyes to discuss their symptoms with our doctors. Early detection and treatment of MGD can help alleviate symptoms and prevent further complications, ultimately promoting eye health and well-being. Our optometrists are experts at identifying and addressing conditions like MGD, ensuring optimal eye care and visual comfort for our patients.